Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 46-51
Physicochemical and Sensorial Analysis of Papaya Varieties in Ethiopia
Mulate Zerihun, Melkassa Agriculture Research Center (Food Science and Nutrition), EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Masresha Minuye, Melkassa Agriculture Research Center (Food Science and Nutrition), EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 9, 2019;       Published: Sep. 23, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijfet.20200402.16      View  135      Downloads  56
Abstract
A study was carried out on three papaya varieties namely, KK-103, MK-121 and CMF-078 for their physico-chemical, nutritional composition and sensory evaluation grown at Ethiopia. The results showed that maximum fruit weight was observed in MK-121 and lowest in CMF-078. It was also found that the TSS, citric acid, total carotenoid and vitamin C were 10.287-12.620 (brix), 1.455- 1.978 (g/l), 13.670-18.912 (µg/g) and 30.854-36.507 (mg/100g) respectively. Proximate analysis of the pulp showed that it contained crude protein (0.200- 0.907%), energy (32.744-44.280 kcal/g), crude fat (0.215-0.293%) and fibre (0.732-0.995%). All these results indicate that significantly difference between the papaya varieties. This difference may be come from genetically difference between the varieties. The results showed that papaya fruits had high moisture content (>85.5%), low acidity (>5.3 PH), low crude fat and crude fibre moderate ascorbic acid contents. The sensory evaluation statistical results were showed in case of color, flavor, sourness and sweetness MK-121 Varity was showed significance difference and a higher value than the other two of varieties of papaya whereas except sweetness. The color, flavor and sourness of the two varieties (CMF-078 and kk-103) were showed the same in statistics value. Accordingly, the panelist result in overall acceptability of the sensory CMF-078 variety was showed high acceptability than the others two varieties. Additionally, the statistical result showed significantly different at P<0.05.
Keywords
Papaya, Physiochemical Composition and Proximate Analysis, Sensory Evaluation
To cite this article
Mulate Zerihun, Masresha Minuye, Physicochemical and Sensorial Analysis of Papaya Varieties in Ethiopia, International Journal of Food Engineering and Technology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 46-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfet.20200402.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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